Home Page

Progression in History: Chronological Awareness

History National Curriculum


Progression in Chronological Awareness


Subject Key Objective Progression & Development by Year Group


The following is a guide to help you understand your child's progression through school.

All lessons are effectively differentiated to ensure that all children can achieve the objectives set.


Chronological Awareness - EYFS


In Nursery, children will:


  • begin to make sense of their own life story and family's history;
  • begin to notice changes in things over short periods of time.


In Year R, children will:


  • recognise that things happened before they were born;
  • begin to organise events using basic chronology.


Chronological Awareness - Year 1


In Year 1, children will:


  • know about changes since they were born;
  • spot old and new things in a picture;
  • order artefacts by age (recent history);
  • use words and phrases such as before, after, past, present, then and now.


Chronological Awareness - Year 2


In Year 2, children will:


  • use a range of appropriate words and phrases to describe the past;
  • sequence events in their own lives;
  • sequence events in the life of a famous person;
  • sequence a set of events in chronological order and give reasons for their order;
  • work out how long ago an event happened.


Chronological Awareness - Year 3


In Year 3, children will:


  • describe events and periods using 'AD', 'BC' and 'decade';
  • describe events from the past, using dates when things happened;
  • use a timeline within a specific time in history to set out the order things may have happened;
  • use my mathematical knowledge to work out how long ago events would have happened;
  • set out on a timeline, within a given period, the special events that took place.


Chronological Awareness - Year 4


In Year 4, children will:


  • begin to recognise and quantify the different time periods that exist between different groups that invaded Britain;
  • plot recent history on a timeline using centuries;
  • place periods of history o a timeline, showing periods of time;
  • use mathematical skills to work out the time differences between certain major events in history;
  • begin to build up a picture of what main events happened in Britain/the world during different centuries.


Chronological Awareness - Year 5


In Year 5, children will:


  • describe events from the past using dates when things happened;
  • draw a timeline with different historical periods showing key historical events or lives of significant people;
  • use dates and historical language in their work;
  • use mathematical skills to work out exact timescales and differences;
  • create a timeline that outlines the development of specific features such as crime and punishment, weaponry, medicine, transport, etc.


Chronological Awareness - Year 6


In Year 6, children will:


  • use a timeline to show when the Viking raids started;
  • identify where a period of history fits on a timeline;
  • place specific events on a timeline by decade;
  • research in order to find similarities and differences between two or more periods of history;
  • place features of historical events and people from past societies and periods in a chronological framework.